In this reflection we withhold in them in one of the cognitivas abilities, and more necessarily, in the memory. In the process of formation of the conductor, 133 plates of transit are added, to be known, being these: 46 of Regulation, of 63 of Warning and 24 Services Auxiliary, so that the pupil if makes entire about the legislation and the norms contained in the CTB for a safe direction. To say of instruction or formation of conductors, is the same that to place the candidate to the driver as center of its personal accomplishments, where its capacity and its knowledge will be constructed from its motivation. What it will be made a mistake or lacking so that the experience to direct if becomes global in the measure where encloses the cognitivo plan (to know to make), the practical plan (motor ability), the individual (emotional aspect) and at the same time to all these factors involving the person as member of a society? We consider that the process of the learning involves two aspects of the individual. Neurological (the agencies of the directions, motor device) and the Psychological Cognitivo (emotion and intelligence).
In the neurological theory two great trends are considered: the localizacionista where the mental functions occupy an area delimited in the brain and the holistic one where the biological functions of the brain is resultant of an indivisible activity, where the SNC functions as a whole guaranteeing the integrity of the organism. The interest for the study of the aphasias (FREUD, S – the Interpretation of the aphasias a critical study 1891-1977), and its localization in the H.C pointed out the interference in other cognitivas functions, as for example the memory. The psychological state is understood for aphasia where the individual without disturbance of intelligence has of some form its affected cognitiva capacity. Next to the localizacionista theory, we find the parallelism psicofsico of the school of Psychology of Wilhem Wundt, the Estruturalismo (1832-1926) adopting as base the method of the introspeccionismo, where the purpose is to know the mechanism of the association passive and additive, to explain the perception, the sensations the ideas and the judgments, considering itself the state of conscience of the person.