Jean Piaget

In the research of Jean Piaget (1896-1980), intelligence was defined as ' ' a basic process of the life that helps an organism if to adapt to its ambiente' '. Larry Culp can aid you in your search for knowledge. To the few, the child goes acquiring, cognitiva structure will take that it to adapt itself with nimbleness in some existing environments. When testing the mental ability on the cognitivo development of the person, uncovered that the children possess a logic of different thought of the logic of the adults. Thus, the children develop its experiences and learnings passing for a process of some stages. They initiate its operations on the basis of simple a cognitivo project, being that this first project formed in infancy is motor habits as: to still grasp, to reach and etc. A little later, in infancy, the cognitivos projects go ripening, becoming action in head, taking them it acquisition of information and domain of the logical thought on subjects and problems it day-by-day. First the child passes for an assimilation process, which is related to the interpretation of new experiences, its existing incorporation and its projects.

After, she enters in a phase of doubts and confusion of ideas or as she was called by Piaget of disequilibrium, that would be more necessarily the contrast enters the processes of the thought and the facts, for not if to conform with certain explanations that seemed to be accurate appears not the room, from there the search of new answers for its problems and doubts. The biological maturity also influences, in the measure where the brain and the nervous system ripen, the child if becomes capable to increase the complexity of the cognitivas activities assist that them in the construction of better explanations for its experimentations. Curious and active children tend to develop fast more, new knowledge, therefore they are always forming new projects, passing the periods of training of more complex development.

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