The labyrinth of solitude concentrated diversity of being Mexican in a society that he doesn’t want to integrate. Peace attempts to transcribe the origins of the alienation of an ethnic group that questions the very principle. The work of peace cannot be limited to a simple criticism of Mexican society, it is a solution of the problem of loneliness that is consummating the Mexican as an integral part of a nation, his work is based on the analysis of the present and the Mesoamerican past to propose the solution of the future. Mexican society should mature to be able to leave his State of isolation by communicating with himself and with others, the Mexican must accept himself to take charge of their destiny. For peace Mexican history has served as a thread of loneliness, which is even a sort of Mexican disease.
The fall of the Aztec Empire; the conquest; the colony; independence; the revolution have contributed to a continuous mutation that prevents that the Mexican nation out of its adolescence. The masks that the Mexican uses to hide their lack of identity so submerged in a deep isolation. The Mexican is hiding at the party, celebration and even violence. The behavior of the Mexican is a large code that serves to hide a nature that not even he knows. Masks, which have a historico-mitico origin – psychoanalytic which relates to the conception of the Mexican, according to peace have a function that is based on the distortion of reality. Strong fervor that the Mexican people manifested towards the image of the Virgin of Guadalupe embodies the struggle for the preservation of the true Mexican tradition.
Through the devotion to a Virgin of his same race, Mexicans retrieved the worship of Tonantzin. The Virgin of Guadalupe test preservation of pre-Colombian heritage, which was contaminated by the treachery of Malinche. Brunette Virgin, personification of the mother who provides, coexists with the image of Malinche, responsible for both the lack of identity of the Mexican and their hybridization that lead it to loneliness. In the paternal archetype presents different patterns in its positive aspect and a negative paradigm focused on Hernan cuts. The paternal ideal positive of the Aztec people an inconsistent figure, which usually serves as the identification of their sense of failure. The fragility of a paternal archetype of the Mexican people, contributes to their sense of unprotecting, loneliness. The abatement of his positive father makes it an orphan, the escarnezco his father’s negative renden him a bastard. According to Paz, both archetypes condemned to loneliness: loneliness is identified with the orphan. According to Octavio paz, the Mexican need to put distance between he and the others, he is a being must be far away from the world and all that this entails. Because when approaching others, you risk loss of identity, as it did when we found la Malinche with cuts. The encounter with other peoples, leads it to weakness. Bibliography CASTAnoN Adolfo, the Gospel and Mexican literature, Symposium: present and future of Mexican literature. Memory, Julio Ortega and Dante Medina (coord.). University of Guadalajara-national lottery, Guadalajara, 1993. Garcia BARRAGAN Maria Guadalupe, principles of national and cultural identity in the origins of Mexican colonial literature, cultural identity of Latin America in its literature, Saul Yurkievich (coord.). Alhambra, Madrid, 1986. Margo GLANTZ, La Malinche parents and their sons, Taurus history, Mexico, 2002. GNISCI Armando, Letterature Comparate, Mondadori, Milano, 2002. PAZ Octavio, the labyrinth of solitude, Catedra, Madrid, 1993. Original author and source of the article.