The fencing is a combat sport in which two opponents face, you should try to touch a black gun (or weapon that has no cutting edge or tip, ie you can not cut or puncture with her) as a function of which differ in three modalities: sword, sword and foil. The word comes from the verb “wield,” and this in turn germanico skermjan verb, meaning to repair or protect. The opponents are called “shooters”. When a shooter is “touched” by the gun (in french “touche”), the opposite gets a point. As a sport originated in Spain with the famous “Rapier,” ie, a weapon that is part of the wardrobe or attire chivalrous. Men and women practiced in Spain. As proof, we know that the celebrated Princess Eboli, beautiful but blind in one eye, the eye loses unfortunate accident caused by his fencing master. At the end of the fourteenth century began to see the light in Europe various manuals of discipline. this has just instituted as a sport in the late nineteenth century when white arms were diverted to defense. It then takes the French language in the terminology of the regulations (eg, “Halte!”, “Allez!”, “Touche”, etc.).. The fencing is present in the first edition of the modern Olympics, but only in male category, and the female, since 1960. This is the only Olympic sport of Spanish origin. Its definition is “the art of defense and attack with a sword, foil or a similar weapon. The modern fencing is a sport for entertainment and competition, but follow the rules and techniques that were developed originally for efficient handling of the sword duels. Modern weapons in modern fencing, uses three weapons: foil, p e and saber, made of hardened steel. The maximum allowable length of foil and sheet is for 90-inch sword and scabbard in the case of 88 cm, being the maximum length of 110 cm gun for the first two and 105 cm for the sword. The authorized maximum weight must be less than 500 g in foil and saber, and 750 g in the sword attack zone valid for Foil Foil Main article: Foil weapon developed during the seventeenth century as a training weapon for sword fights very slight. Developed as a tool of practice and game, the foil is considered the basic. It is lightweight and flexible and used to get touched with blunt ramming. The blade is rectangular in cross section. The valid area of the foils is played for the torso, resulting therefore “invalid” the headdress in the limbs or head. The headdresses are made only on end as with the sword, the blade and Contrafilo such as the saber. The headdresses are recorded by a metallic breastplate, which joins the network of record touched by a special intern. Furthermore, it is a weapon of convention, ie priority is given to the attacks, not existing in any case a headdress “double”. In the world of fencing, is considered the most skillful fencer since this weapon is the most technical of the three, and requires more mental and physical prowess, as their movements, (stops and answers) require more skill and speed . Sword Main article: Zone Espadin valid for sword attack (whole body) The modern sword rapier derives from French, which in turn comes from the Spanish Rapier.